Motivational interviewing is a counseling method that helps people resolve ambivalent feelings to find the internal motivation they need to change their behavior. It is a practical, empathetic, and short-term process that takes into consideration how difficult it is to make life changes. Motivational Interviewing is a style of communication that has been found to increase engagement in treatment and improve health outcomes. It has been applied to a wide variety of populations and is often used to address addiction and the management of physical health conditions. Learning MI involves multiple steps, including understanding the Spirit of MI, the Stages of Change, and strategies for engaging, focusing, evoking, and goal-setting.
In this 4-part training series, atom Alliance examines how clinicians can use motivational interviewing within their practice settings, better understand how patients are motivated to make change and educate staff in using motivational interviewing techniques.
Dr. Maggie Holland from Cherokee Health Systems in Knoxville, Tennessee shares her insight in implementing motivational interviewing into a clinical practice and how to best engage patients for behavioral change discussions.
Part 1 | The Spirit of Motivational Interviewing and Stages of Change
This serves as an introduction to the Spirit of Motivational Interviewing (MI) focusing on the foundational principals and the Stages of Change. MI strategies reviewed include methods for engaging patients in treatment, particularly those who struggle the most with adherence.
Part 2 | Engaging and Focusing Strategies
Part 2 of this 4-part series provides a summary of engaging and focusing strategies. Specific communication strategies to enhance patient engagement in their treatment plan over time are described. Methods for focusing on a specific treatment goal to improve your patients’ success with making a health behavior change are also reviewed.
Part 3 | Evoking
Part 3 of this 4-part series provides a summary of evoking strategies, including the readiness ruler and strategic questions providers can use to enhance patient motivation and commitment for change.
Part 4 | Planning
Part 4 of this 4-part series reviews goal-setting strategies, including knowing the signs your patient is ready to set a goal and how to collaboratively set a specific goal that sets your patient up for success. Stages of Change with matched with MI interventions are also reviewed.